Digital Signature Certificate

Section 2(1)(p) of the Information Technology Act, 2000 (or the IT Act) defines it as authentication of any electronic record by a subscriber by means of an electronic method or procedure in accordance with the provisions of section 3
Before going into the provisions of section 3, it is pertinent to explain a few basics of cryptography. Public key cryptography is the method recognized by the IT Act for the safeguarding of computer documents explained by Edge Legal.

Public key cryptography is a form of cryptography, which generally allows users to communicate securely without having prior access to a shared secret key. This is done by using a pair of cryptographic keys designated as the public key and private key. A public key is essentially like an email address, and a private key, like the email address password. The public key is sent to the receiver, while the private key is not disclosed to anybody. They are related mathematically. What has been encrypted by the first key can only be decrypted by the second – and vice versa. Hence, if A wants to send a secure email to B, A must encrypt it with B’s public key, so that when B receives the encrypted email, he can decrypt it using his own private key.

Types of Digital Signature Certificate

Class 2 DSC

Class 2:

Here, the identity of a person is verified against a trusted, pre-verified database.

Class 3:

This is the highest level where the person needs to present himself or herself in front of a Registration Authority (RA) and prove his/ her identity.

5. What type of Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) is to be obtained for eFiling on the MCA Portal? DSC of Class 2 and Class 3 category issued by a licensed Certifying Authority (CA) needs to be obtained for efiling on the MCA Portal.

Document Required for Digital Signature Certificate (DSC)

The documents required to apply for digital signature differs based on the application type as follows:

Documents Required for Indian Nationals

In case the applicant is an Indian National, please submit the following documents for identity and address proof:

Identity Proof

  • Passport
  • PAN Card of the Applicant
  • Driving Licence
  • Post Office ID Card
  • Bank Account Passbook containing the photograph and signed by an individual with attestation by the concerned Bank official
  • A photo ID card issued by the Ministry of Home Affairs of Centre/State Governments
  • Any Government-issued photo ID card bearing the signatures of the individual

Address Proof

  • AADHAAR Card
  • Voter ID Card
  • Driving Licence (DL)/Registration Certificate (RC)
  • Water Bill (Not older than 3 months).
  • Electricity Bill (Not older than 3 Months)
  • Latest Bank Statements signed by the bank (Not older than 3 Months)
  • Service Tax/VAT Tax/Sales Tax registration certificate
  • Property Tax/ Corporation/ Municipal Corporation Receipt

Documents Required for Foreign Nationals

In case the applicant is a Foreign National, please submit the following documents for identity and address proof:

Identity Proof

  • Attested copy of Applicant Passport
  • Attested copy of VISA (If the applicant is out of the native country).
  • Attested copy of Resident Permit certificate (If the applicant is in India)

Address Proof

  • Attested copy of Applicant Passport
  • Attested copy of any other Government-issued Address Proof

The identity and address proof of foreign nationals must be attested by the following authorities:

  • Embassy of Native Country (If the applicant is out of the native country)
  • Apostilized by Native Country, after Public Notary (if the country is in Hague Convention)
  • Consularized by Native Country, after Public Notary (if the country is not in Hague Convention)

Section 2(1)(p) of the Information Technology Act, 2000 (or the IT Act) defines it as authentication of any electronic record by a subscriber by means of an electronic method or procedure in accordance with the provisions of section 3
Before going into the provisions of section 3, it is pertinent to explain a few basics of cryptography. Public key cryptography is the method recognized by the IT Act for the safeguarding of computer documents.

Types of Digital Signature Certificate

Class 2 DSC Signature Only

Class 2: Here, the identity of a person is verified against a trusted, pre-verified database.

Class 2 DSC Signature with Encryption

This is the highest level where the person needs to present himself or herself in front of a Registration Authority (RA) and prove his/ her identity

Class 3 DSC Signature only

This is the highest level where the person needs to present himself or herself in front of a Registration Authority (RA) and prove his/ her identity

Class 3 DSC Signature with Encryption

This is the highest level where the person needs to present himself or herself in front of a Registration Authority (RA) and prove his/ her identity

DGFT DSC

This is the highest level where the person needs to present himself or herself in front of a Registration Authority (RA) and prove his/ her identity

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ) about Digital Signature